Hang En and Hang Son Doong

*Note: For an amazing set of Hang Sơn Đoòng photos, please check out my photographer friend Kiwi Chris’ photo album here.

My story goes below:

We left Đông Hà on Thursday, April 24 via local train to Đồng Hới for our Phong Nha transfer. They were sold out of the hard seats with air conditioning, so we had to take the shittiest seats possible – the hard seats with fans. It was a hot, sweltering day, but with the windows ajar and the fans at work, it was barely tolerable. If you think BART or Caltrain sucks, think again. Most locals brought straw mats to lay out on the floor so they could sleep through the misery. It also wasn’t uncommon to see a cockroach scurry by.

IMG_3472 IMG_3470

Now on to what you’ve all been waiting for – THE LARGEST CAVE IN THE WORLD! I’m going to start with 2 things:
1. Hang is the Vietnamese word for cave.
2. Pictures never do justice.


Hang Sơn Đoòng was discovered by Khanh Ho in 1991, but wasn’t thoroughly searched and surveyed until 2009 by the British Cave Research Association, led by Howard and Deb Limbert who are now in Phong Nha full time to help run the Sơn Đoòng tours. Its first year of tourism began in August 2013, with the limit of ~200 tourists per year.

One would think that the jaw-dropping price tag of $3,000 per person is ludicrous, but after experiencing the caves and learning more about the time and energy that goes into each tour, one will wonder whether or not the costs are even sufficient. In addition to a large up-front cost to the government, ~25% of the $3,000 again goes to the government. And who else is involved with the tour, you may ask? As of now, Oxalis is the only tour company that runs tours to Sơn Đoòng, so it gets a portion of the cost. 2 scientists (including Deb Limbert herself), 2 National Park rangers, 1 Vietnamese English-speaking guide, Khanh Ho (the discoverer of the cave), and 24 porters (like sherpas) are all there to accompany the 8 tourists on the expedition. In sum, there are 30 others needed for the 8 tourists, for a total of almost 40 people! For 6 days and 5 nights the 24 Phong Nha Vietnamese porters, wearing $3 sandals, carry 35-40 kg sacks on their backs (filled with food to feed everyone, tents, sleeping bags, and our belongings), traverse the uneven path, climb and crawl over and under sharp rocks and steep hills, and have the campsites ready for us upon arrival. Despite their undaunting size, their strength was remarkable.


After we bid farewell to our last breath of air-conditioned air from the van, we trekked about 10 km through jungle and river valley to our first campsite, located in Hang En, aka Swallow Cave. By Swallow, I mean the bird (they’re actually Swifts, but the name stuck), and the reason why it is called Swallow Cave is because tens or hundreds of thousands of swifts fly in and around the cave (fun fact: they use echolocation — like bats — to fly in the dark cave). We nicknamed it Hang Cut En, which means Swallow Shit Cave, because bird shit literally dropped every minute or so all around and on us. In order to get to Hang Sơn Đoòng, you actually have to go through a cave (Hang En) to get there! It’s basically a cave within a cave. =)

The porters begin the journey first:IMG_3477

There is 1 village in Phong Nha National Park. It is an extremely poor village of 28 people, half whom are children. They build their own homes, raise their own livestock, and grow their own crops. Occasionally they can hitch a ride into the nearest town of Phong Nha, which is about an hour away. IMG_3481 IMG_3897IMG_3482 IMG_3485

These villagers were TINY! Look how giant I look next to this woman:IMG_3486

Some nice rest stops:IMG_3488 IMG_3495DCIM101GOPRO

And finally, our destination: Hang En! It is not the largest cave in the world, but its size is still magnificent. You can easily book a 1 day or 2 day/1 night tour to Hang En if you are unable to do Sơn Đoòng. Check out Hang En below. IMG_3499 IMG_3513 IMG_3511IMG_3516 IMG_3527 IMG_3529DCIM101GOPRO

Chris brought a cord so he could turn it into a clothesline for our wet clothes. Yay!IMG_3515 

Day 2: Sơn Đoòng

After breakfast, we trekked through and exited Hang En to make our way to Sơn Đoòng!

Here are some photos exiting Hang En:IMG_3543 IMG_3549 IMG_3551

A short break after hiking uphill in the tiresome heat:IMG_3567

The entrance to Sơn Đoòng, the smallest cave entrance into the largest cave in the world! There was a lot of crawling, roping, and some real downward vertical caving involved. Fortunately the guides were there to help us descend into the dark cave.IMG_3573IMG_3578IMG_3580

We trekked through the dark for a while, slowly climbing over large and small boulders and crossing small rivers. Finally, we arrived at our second campsite of the trip, which was located near the first roof collapse of Sơn Đoòng. This is what the campsite looked like from a distance:IMG_3590IMG_3596

I just had to take some pictures of our “toilet” which was really just a bucket with a toilet lid over it. This toilet probably had the best view in the world.IMG_3598IMG_3603

We spent the rest of the afternoon hanging out and exploring the campsite, anxiously waiting for tomorrow’s famous views and photo opportunities.

Day 3: Sơn Đoòng’s Jungle

The first and second days were “wet” days, meaning we crossed many streams and rivers so our shoes, socks, and feet were wet the whole day. The third day was a dry day – no rivers to cross! However, there were many sharp rocks and boulders we had to climb over and under, but we were rewarded with some of the most amazing landscapes imaginable.

Here we are exiting camp toward the first roof collapse.IMG_4808

Look at how sharp these rocks are. We had fun going under and over them!IMG_3626 IMG_3614 IMG_3631IMG_3629

Up and up we went! We were rewarded with lush greenery along beautiful “terraces” carved out by flooded rivers. During the rainy season in the fall, there are no tours in Sơn Đoòng because the flooded rivers practically fill up the cave, carving out wonderful but sharp rocks and boulders. The rivers later recede, and sunlight pours in from the collapsed ceiling to give life to the jungle within the cave.

From the top of the hill, you could look down to the side where you last stood before the climb: IMG_4810 IMG_3641 photo IMG_3726

Or you could look around:IMG_3724

Or look up: IMG_4811 IMG_4817

Walk a bit further up past the trees, and there’s more playthings:  IMG_3644 IMG_3654 IMG_3659 IMG_3663 IMG_3672 IMG_3675

After hanging out on these mounds, we proceeded to finally go DOWN. Below the mounds were amazing formations carved from the flooded rivers:IMG_3679

After we finished climbing up and over these formations, we turned around and were treated to the climax of the whole expedition, one of the most famous views of Sơn Đoòng. Those mounds that we just hung out on? Well, those mounds are the tops of the hills in the photos below. We enjoyed our lunch here.IMG_3698 IMG_3695

We spent quite some time here, admiring the scenery and taking more photos. Mist would quickly appear and dissipate, creating an eery atmosphere. We continued with the trek through the dark cave, and when we saw another sliver of light in the distance, we knew we were nearing the second roof collapse, the site of our final campsite. See the tents below?IMG_3728

Going down is kind of scary, more so because of my fear of heights. IMG_3737 IMG_3740

Our third and final campsite! IMG_3745

The tents lit up at night:IMG_3748

Day 4: The End of Sơn Đoòng 

The plan for Day 4 was to trek to the end of Sơn Đoòng, turn around, and then trek all the way back to the campsite from Day 2. From the campsite to the end of the cave was not very scenic at all. In fact, it was dark and mostly muddy. And I mean MUDDY. Squishy. And gross. IMG_4830 IMG_4839 IMG_4840 IMG_4841 IMG_4847

Since we backtracked the way we came, we were able to retake photos of some of our favorite spots: IMG_4850 IMG_3756 IMG_3763 IMG_3771 IMG_3773IMG_3790DCIM101GOPROIMG_20140428_122404

Day 5: Back to Hang En

Sadness. It was time to leave Sơn Đoòng. More rock, boulder, and rope climbing in the dark. More river crossings and wet, squishy shoes. At least climbing out of the cave was fun.IMG_3831

Chris and I got a picture with Khanh Ho, the discoverer of the cave. IMG_3838

We made it back to camp. IMG_3857IMG_4889

And then we took a well-deserved bath.DCIM101GOPRO

To celebrate our last evening, we all enjoyed a feast at dinner together. IMG_4888

This is Linh, a 20 year old porter born and raised in Phong Nha. Not only does he carry a 35-40 kg sack for us, he is also one of the cooks for the tour. His 29 year old brother, Minh, is also a porter and has a baby on the way. He was the nicest porter to me and we shared conversations almost every evening. He will be quitting his job as a porter soon as he will be going to Huế to go to culinary school.IMG_3878

Day 6: Back to Phong Nha, Beds, Running Water, and Toilets

We left Hang En around 7am as we did not want to hike in the heat. Here we are exiting Hang En.IMG_3880 IMG_3887

The rest of the trek was backtracking through the river and jungle, back through the village, and up the hill to the main road. The Oxalis van picked us up with ice cold drinks for everyone. Victory! IMG_3902

That night, we had a cheesy celebration dinner/award ceremony. Each tourist who completed the expedition received medals and a book about the caves in Phong Nha.IMG_3912

And THAT concludes our Sơn Đoòng tour! For many of you who hope to go next year, I hope all this information gives you a better understanding of what to gain from the experience. If you have any more questions, just ping me and I’ll be glad to answer them. =)

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1 Response to Hang En and Hang Son Doong

  1. Pingback: Carlsbad Caverns | Romping & Nguyening

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